Felons may think no one will hire them after being released from prison, but there are resources available. Some felons may have an interest in helping others deal with emotional and behavioral problems.
This blog post will address the issue of whether or not a felon can become a psychologist.
- What is a Psychologist?
- What Education/Training Does a Psychologist Need?
- How Much Does a Psychologist Earn?
- An Opportunity for Felons?
- Recommended Action
What is a Psychologist?
A psychologist deals with thoughts, emotions, feelings, and behaviors. He or she uses observation and assessment to develop theories about the beliefs and feelings that influence a person.
A psychologist typically does the following:
- Conducts studies of behavior
- Observes and interviews individuals
- Identifies emotional or behavioral issues and patterns
- Tests for patterns to understand and predict behavior
- Discusses the treatment of problems with individuals
- Writes reports and articles
- Supervises counseling professionals
A psychologist looks for patterns of behavior or relationships between events and uses this information when testing theories or when treating patients. He or she also may administer tests:
There are many types of psychologists, including a(n):
- Clinical psychologist – Assesses, diagnoses, and treats mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
- Counseling psychologist – Helps patients deal with and understand problems
- Developmental psychologist – Studies the psychological processes throughout life
- Forensic psychologist – Uses psychological principles in the legal system
- Industrial–organizational psychologist – Applies psychology to the workplace
- Rehabilitation psychologist – Works with physically- or developmentally-disabled individuals
- School psychologist – Applies psychological principles to educational and developmental disorders
There are many essential skills to be successful as a psychologist:
- Empathy to help people deal with problems
- Listening skills to allow a person to share their issues
- Patience to deal with a person’s emotions
- Communication skills to be able to share information
- Knowledge of various disorders and effective treatment options
- Organizational skills to manage paperwork
- Time-management skills to work in a stressful environment
- Analytical skills to examine information
- Integrity to keep a patient’s problems in confidence
- Interpersonal skills to be able to work with patients and professionals
- Observational skills to understand an individual’s actions
- Problem-solving skills to find treatments for emotional and behavioral problems
What Education/Training Does a Psychologist Need?
Most clinical, counseling, and research psychologists need a doctoral degree. A Ph.D. in psychology is earned by completing required coursework and after taking a comprehensive exam and writing a dissertation based on original research.
A student also usually completes a one-year internship as part of a doctoral program.
He or she must pass an exam on the professional practice of psychology with specific state requirements outlined by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards.
In most states, working as a psychologist requires a license. In all states psychologists who practice independently must be licensed.
How Much Does a Psychologist Earn?
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that there are approximately 166,600 psychologists with 105,000 of these being licensed psychologists.
The median salary for a psychologist in 2016 was $75,230 annually. The median is that salary which half of the psychologists receive more than and half receive less.
Geographic location, certification, experience, and specialization could have a significant impact on these earnings. A psychologist on the East or West coast as well as in the Southwest region of the U.S. typically receives a higher salary than for one in other areas.
This occupation is expected to show a 14% growth by 2026, which is above average.
An Opportunity for Felons?
A felon can pursue any degree he or she wants. Approximately 60% of colleges consider criminal history in their admissions process, although there is no standard policy regarding a background check. Any felon that wants to get a degree in psychology can find a college that will accept him or her. A felon may have difficulty getting accepted into many schools, but there are psychology programs that will accept a felon.
Individuals who have criminal convictions on their records and are considering enrolling in doctoral programs in psychology may have their criminal history evaluated prior to enrollment. If they are eligible, they will be given a letter when it is time to apply.
While the requirements for felons becoming a psychologist differ somewhat depending on the state, certain factors are important. These criteria will be considered as to whether or not a crime relates to the occupation of a psychologist:
- Nature and seriousness of the crime
- Relationship of the crime to the duties and responsibilities of a psychologist
- Whether a psychologist license might offer opportunity for further criminal activity
- Extent and nature of past criminal activity
- Age when the felony was committed
- Amount of time since last criminal activity
- Amount of time since release from incarceration
- Conduct and work history before and after the conviction
- Evidence of rehabilitation
- Letters of recommendation
It is important to be honest when applying for licensing as a psychologist. If a felony isn’t disclosed but is found on a background check, this constitutes fraud and is punishable. It is a crime to falsify an application which could result in being sent back to prison.
In order to be successful as a psychologist it is essential for felons to be honest about their background. They are already viewed with negative perceptions of being dishonest, untrustworthy, and unwilling or unable to follow directions from authority figures.
Having their record expunged can give them the chance needed to begin with a clean record and succeed in becoming a psychologist. Expunging a criminal record allows anyone to honestly state on an application that he or she has not been convicted of a crime.
It is a significant challenge, but it might be worth it for a felon that wants to become a psychologist. Having his or her record expunged and also documenting any training programs or additional education could make the essential difference in a felon succeeding in becoming a psychologist. Spending time in a volunteer role in the psychologist field initially to gain experience could be essential.
Having support from family, friends, or previous employers can make a huge difference. A felon doesn’t have to be defined by his or her crime. We are not defined by our mistakes but by how we recover from them. He or she can begin again and live an honest life no matter how difficult it might seem.
What do you think about this blog post? Have you or someone you know been in the situation of trying to become a psychologist with a felony? What was that like for him or her, and how did he or she achieve success? Please tell us in the comments below.